It’s a Shame: How to Understand and Manage It

Imagine sitting on the ground in a cave. Leftover meat has been cleared away after an evening meal, and beside you a fire burns brightly. Outside, the wind howls and a fierce rain pelts the trees. You feel satisfied, safe and warm. But, you know that your choices and behavior in the next moments will determine if you can stay inside this comfortable space or be forced outside to fend for yourself in the night. What you do and say, how you say it and even the expressions on your face, may determine your fate. If you make the wrong moves your very life could be over.

This was the dilemma faced by our ancestors. Conforming to social norms meant staying next to the fire. Behaving outside those norms could get you thrown out…literally. In an article for the Smithsonian Magazine (May, 2012) Megan Gambino quotes anthropologist Christopher Boehm, author of a book called Moral Origins. She says, “Boehm speculates that human morality emerged along with big game hunting. When hunter-gatherers formed groups, he explains, survival essentially boiled down to one key tenet—cooperate, or die.” And, shame, was one of the keys to enforcing this morality. Then, shame could help us stay safe, help us survive.

So, we come by our feelings of shame naturally. It is hardwired into the human brain. Because of this, most of us are acutely aware of the morals and morays of our culture, and feel ashamed when we violate them, or sometimes even when we think about violating them. This can be healthy and productive when it serves to connect us with our family and friends and helps keep us safe and supported. But shame can also be painful and dysfunctional when it hampers our creativity, ability to stand up for ourselves, or diverge from cultural norms that are outside our own values and self-knowledge.

And, shame is not an equal opportunity emotion. It appears more frequently and with more ferocity in women and in those who have survived sexual abuse and trauma. In its untamed form it can contribute to low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, eating disorders, PTSD and suicide. So, how can we know when shame fits the facts of our situation, when it doesn’t, and what to do when shame has taken over?

Join me next week to learn how to relieve shameful feelings that are unproductive and take action when shame is guiding us towards honoring our own values and beliefs.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Healing Power of Nature

A few weeks ago, I was experiencing a great deal of sadness. (Yes, even therapists deal with loss and grief.) It was a dark time and I was struggling to maintain my equilibrium and energy for the work and people I love. So when the opportunity to go on a hike with my husband materialized it was the last thing I felt like doing. The intense urge I had was to curl up under the covers and binge watch some irreverent comedy, not climb Grizzly Peak.

But, another wiser part of me knew that to shed my despair I must practice opposite action to my urge. Opposite action in this case meant throwing off the covers, finding my hiking boots and backpack and saying, “Yes.” And, it turned out to be the perfect remedy.

The first part of the trek was muddy and slippery and full of fallen trees from the last big storm that ripped through our area in November. Some of the fallen trees had been chain-sawed apart making a passage for us, but in other places we had to clamor over logs or find our way around, creating another trail in the process. During this part of the day, I thought about how like life this seemed to me, so many obstacles to overcome, so much unexpected chaos and destruction. And yet, all around me in the midst of it, beauty. All around me life springing from the decay.

After the first few miles of walking, I felt my shoulders release into a pleasant ease and I was able to be more in the moment. The angst of the prior few weeks, the recycling of what was said and not said, the profound sense of loss, though still present, faded into the background.

The second part of the hike took us through lush old growth forest, and then eventually near the top of the mountain, into the open where flat rocks stretched out around us and trees burned by a fire a few years ago stood stark and black against the blue, blue sky. Beneath them hundreds of young trees, branches tipped with new growth flourished.

We ate our lunch at the edge of the precipice looking out across the Rogue Valley and south to Mt. Ashland and Mt. Shasta.  To the north we saw Agate Lake and the mountains hiding Crater and Diamond lakes in their mighty folds. It was spectacular. It was perspective.

After lunch, I lay back on the rocks and let the sun seep in and felt healing sink into me with the heat.

That day was a turning point, and though my sadness is not gone, it is tempered. It exists again along-side all the beauty and gratitude in my life. Not one or the other, not pain or peace,  but both.

You don’t have to hike to the top of a mountain to enjoy the healing power of nature. It can be found at the local park, in your own back yard or at the bird feeder hanging outside an apartment window.

I once had a client who shared with me how the return of hummingbirds each year filled her with joy and how she learned inner stillness by standing outside with enough quietude so they would come and drink in her presence. Through watching these tiny birds she learned mindfulness. She learned to stop in the midst of her busy life and be fully herself and fully aware and fully at peace all at the same time.

So, yes, nature can heal. All we must do is open ourselves to the possibilities. Here are some suggestions for how you might encounter the wonder and resilience of nature and take in its goodness, while maybe, just maybe, discovering those same things are a part of you.

•Plant something. Watching a seed germinate and become can be inspiring. I am always amazed that a tiny amaranth seed can turn into a giant plant with voluptuous red plumes or that a sunflower seed can transform into a monster that towers over the roof-tops. This can remind us of the miracle of life and that we are a part of this.

•Get out into the sun for 10-15 minutes a day. Vitamin D is essential for health and many of us are deficient. A little sun goes a long way, so don’t over-do it. Just a few minutes a day may help ease depression and other ills.

•Go for a walk. Even if you just go around the block, get out and move. While you are walking notice as many details of nature as you can. What do you see? What do you hear? What do you smell? This time of year so many things are blooming. Stop and smell the Spirea.

•Buy or borrow a book on birds or plants. I recently picked up a book at a yard sale on identifying Western trees and plan to keep it in the car so I can learn the names and habits of the many trees I see every day.

•While you are at it, join a bird watching club  or become a master gardener.

•Draw, paint or write about what you see in nature. Read nature poetry.

•Bring nature inside by picking or buying a bouquet of flowers. Even the midst of winter seems a little brighter to me when I have a vase full of merry flowers on the table.

•Camp out and sleep under the stars. Marvel at the beauty and mystery of the universe.

•Go for a hike.

•Swim in a river, lake or stream.

•Make compost. Turning kitchen waste, leaves and manure into a rich, life-giving substance can be a powerful metaphor for allowing our own wounds to be the substance of growth and blossoming.

•Take your kids to a playground. Let them play in the dirt. Take them on a “nature walk” and help them discover plants, bugs, worms, birds, trees, wind and water. Ask them how they think it is all connected.

•Notice clouds.

Since my Grizzly Peak hike I have been reminding myself to look deeply and listen intently and to get outside more. Yesterday I weeded, spread compost and planted flowers, and sat for a time and just watched a hawk circle and dive.

My Help is in the Mountain
By Nancy Wood

My help is in the mountain
Where I take myself to heal
The earthly wounds
That people give to me.
I find a rock with sun on it
And a stream where the water runs gentle
And the trees which one by one give me company.
So must I stay for a long time
Until I have grown from the rock
And the stream is running through me
And I cannot tell myself from one tall tree.
Then I know that nothing touches me
Nor makes me run away.
My help is in the mountain
That I take away with me.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Sleep Tight: Making Your Bed, Body and Mind Ready for Rest

There is almost nothing that can make us more vulnerable than lack of sleep. When we are sleep deprived our ability to cope with emotions, solve problems and act effectively is drastically reduced. Everything seems more difficult. On the other hand, when we are sleeping well and feel rested we are happier and more satisfied with our lives, relationships and work.

In spite of this, many of us experience poor sleep regularly (up to 75% of us according to one study) and most of us don’t know what to do about it. Here are ideas for improving sleep and getting the rest you need to be at your best.


Setting ourselves up for success when it comes to sleep, all starts with the body. If you are full of tension and have consumed a lot of caffeine or alcohol, or if you work on stressful projects right up until bed with no time to wind down, you are setting the stage for sleep difficulties. Instead, follow these guidelines to improve the chances of falling asleep and staying asleep.

• Limit caffeine use. For many of us a cup of coffee or two in the morning will not affect sleep. But caffeine has a long half-life, meaning it takes between eight to fourteen hours to clear our system. So, if getting to sleep is a problem, consider cutting back your daily consumption of caffeine. Eliminate caffeinated food and drink after about 2PM. Look for hidden sources of caffeine in soda, chocolate, tea, energy drinks and some pain relievers and weight loss products.
• Many of us drink alcohol to relax and it can make us feel sleepy initially. But alcohol also interrupts the sleep cycle and can cause mid-night wakefulness. Limit or eliminate alcohol two to three hours before bed.
• Are you tense? It is very difficult to get to sleep when we are wound tight. Use progressive relaxation (the slow tensing and releasing of muscle groups), box breathing, gentle yoga or stretching, or a soothing massage from a bed partner to relax the body.
• If you snore or wake up tired, even after a seemingly “good” night’s rest, consider a sleep study to rule out sleep apnea or other physical issues that may be impacting sleep quality. Consult your physician.


The sleep environment is very important. We have all heard of people who can sleep anywhere under any circumstances. But for most of us an environment conducive to sleep is a must. Here are some tips to make your sleep environment better.

• Make sure the room is dark and cool. Both temperature and light affect our ability to sleep. It is particularly important for the head and face to be cool, as this sends a message to the brain to begin shutting down for the night. A cold mask or ice pack around the eyes can help and will also work to reset the nervous system if you wake up and have trouble getting back to sleep. Be sure to protect your skin from direct contact with the ice pack.

• Try noise.  Many people find that a fan, white noise machine or relaxing music helps filter out sound from beyond the bedroom and lulls us to sleep.  A fan has the added benefit of keeping you cool.
• Recent research has revealed that our exposure to light, particularly blue light emitted by computers, cell phones and televisions can interrupt circadian rhythms and the production of melatonin (the naturally occurring hormone that promotes sleep). Exposure also seems to be connected to many illnesses including diabetes and cancer. So what can we do? Use dim red night lights instead of blue or white. Avoid bright screens two to three hours before bed. Get lots of sun or bright light exposure during the day. This will help you be more alert and improve mood, as well as increase chances for a productive sleep experience at night.
• Clean sheets can work wonders. Many people report they sleep better after they change the sheets. Try it.
• Don’t work or argue in bed. Keep the bed for sleep and sex only. Setting up negative associations with the place where we are meant to relax, unwind and experience pleasure can interfere with sleep.


Worry often causes difficulty when it comes to falling asleep or returning to sleep once we have awakened. It can be tortuous to lay in bed recycling all the things you wish were different in your life, our regret, failures and fears for the future. Most of us know that this rumination is fruitless. It is rare that a flash of insight or a problem will be solved during these sessions of anxiety. What can been done to silence the busy brain that won’t seem to let us rest? Here are some things to try.
• Learn to meditate. Many forms of meditation teach us to focus on the breath. When our mind is following the breath in and out it cannot be caught up with worry. When your mind wanders, as it will, just very gently bring yourself back to the breath.
• Do math in your head. Count backwards from 100 by 3 or 7. This technique keeps your mind occupied and allows worry thoughts to dissipate.
• Another similar strategy is to remember a pleasant movie from start to finish or revisit a happy day in your life and try to remember every detail.
• Use a “brain drain”. Keep a journal by your bed and write down everything you are concerned about. This lets your unconscious know that it does not need to hold onto these thoughts.
• Use a “God box”. Write down your worries and give them over to a Higher Power by placing them in a box or mailing them to the Universe in a book or other receptacle.
• Listen to a guided mediation.
• Read a calming or boring book until you can relax into sleep.

For more information read Good Night: The Sleep Doctor’s 4-Week Program to Better Sleep and Better Health by Michael Breus, Ph.D. Or visit his website.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

How I Became Radical: The Power of Acceptance

“The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change.” Carl Rogers

My initial encounter with radical acceptance took place when I lay down for the first time on a yoga mat. Our teacher, Mari Gayatri, taught mindfulness yoga. She instructed us to follow our breath in and out and to embrace with equanimity anything that arose within us. She told us to internally name the thoughts, feelings and sensations that came and went. She said, to watch thoughts blow across the landscape of the mind, like clouds in a windy sky, and not grab hold or follow them.

I have to admit, that at first all this didn’t make that much sense to me. My mind was so busy, my gut so taunt with worry and fear, that following her instructions, even for a few moments, seemed impossible. This was a time in my life when things were falling apart for me and the ones I loved, and I blamed myself.

In the midst of trauma and loss, I scanned my mind constantly for some solution, some hope, some angle. I struggled and clawed at the reality of the situation and clung to the illusion that I could solve problems for those I loved. So how, I wondered, could I focus on my breath or allow thoughts to arise and fall away, when it seemed so important to hold on fiercely to every shred of internal dialogue, in case, in case, a rescue plan was to be hatched from one of these fragments.

But in spite of my confusion, I kept going back to Mari’s class, and over the weeks and months, began to get it. There would be moments on the mat when I could watch anxiety rise in my chest and watch it fade in intensity and then rise again more powerfully and then fade again. There were moments when I could follow my breath for a few inhalations and exhalations, find I’d gone away in my mind to ponder some dilemma, then notice that, and gently bring myself back. I began to loosen my grip a bit, began to let go of the delusion that I could somehow arrange things so they would turn out the way I thought they should.

This was the beginning of my radicalization, of making radical acceptance a central aspect of my life. Eventually, I learned to bring what I had experienced on the yoga mat into my daily existence. I learned to pause in the midst of things to take what Tara Brach, in her book Radical Acceptance calls, “the sacred pause”.

Brach describes pause this way, “A pause is a suspension of activity, a time of temporary disengagement when we are no longer moving toward a goal…We may take a pause from our ongoing responsibilities by sitting down to meditate. We may pause in the midst of meditation to let go of thoughts and reawaken our attention to the breath. We may pause by stepping out of daily life to go on retreat or to spend time in nature….We may pause in conversation, letting go of what we’re about to say, in order to genuinely listen and be with the other person. We may pause when we feel suddenly moved or delighted or saddened, allowing the feelings to play through our heart…You might try it now: Stop reading and sit there, doing, ‘no thing,’ and simply notice what you are experiencing.”

Learning to pause, like adopting the stance of radical acceptance takes practice and it can be tough to wrap our heads around what accepting things just as they are really means. It often helps to start with what it doesn’t mean.

Radical acceptance does not mean we like what is happening. In fact, what is happening may be incredibly painful. But, when we can accept what exists rather than struggling against it we experience less suffering. Suffering it is said, is the naturally occurring pain of life, in the grip of non-acceptance.

Radical acceptance does not mean apathy. As Carl Rogers (the father of humanistic psychology) so aptly put it, accepting ourselves, including all the circumstances in and around us, really does open the door to the possibility of change. Once we have let go of rumination about the past, the woulda, coulda, shoulda’s, and released the anxious planning and plotting about the future, we are free to truly embrace the present moment, which is the only moment we have any real control over. It is in each of these present moments that the catalyst for change lives and breathes and has meaning.

Radical acceptance does not give us permission to act on the difficult emotions and urges that exist in all of us. On the contrary, acceptance and the ability to be with ourselves in whatever state we are in with compassion and tenderness, is one of the gifts of practicing radical acceptance.

Radical acceptance is not something you do once. It is a practice. It is something we never truly master. We humans like control. We like to think we know. We like to believe we can purge ourselves of “negative emotions” and become fully healed and happy. But this is not the human condition. Radical acceptance helps us live with this reality and find peace and even meaning from the difficulties both inside ourselves and in the world at large.

Last night, as I was sleeping,
I dreamt – marvelous error! –
that I had a beehive
here inside my heart.
And the golden bees
were making white combs
and sweet honey
from my old failures.

Antonio Machado
Translated by Robert Bly

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Your Brain on Love

As far as the brain is concerned, the first throws of love are no different than the high that comes from heroin. In fact, when we fall for someone our brain goes into overdrive producing adrenaline, dopamine, serotonin and oxytocin, powerful naturally occurring brain chemicals that put us in an altered state.

Dopamine creates a sense of euphoria and invincibility, and dulls pain. Adrenaline makes our heart pound when the beloved is near; while oxytocin (also known as the “cuddle drug”) bonds us with the one we love and makes us crave their touch, their smell and being near them. When we have sex, oxytocin floods the brain creating a deeper bond. Serotonin just fills us full of joy at everything about our new love.

During the first months of a love relationship the brain and body are washed in this delicious cocktail. It is the height of passion, the inspiration for love songs and poetry. It is one of the most awesome powers on earth. But, it also has its dark side. There are two significant dangers when we are in this state.

The first problem occurs when dopamine is at its most dominant in the first six to twelve months of a love relationship. At this time, we ignore, or more likely don’t even see our beloved faults. Red flag behaviors are often accepted and forgiven. Dopamine makes us blind.

The other major drawback to the dopamine rush is that some of us become addicted to it. We have all known people who just can’t seem to sustain a relationship past the two-three year mark, the time when the chemical balance in the in-love brain often shifts from dopamine dominate to ocytocin dominate. Or, if they are able to hang on in the relationship, they may tell themselves they’ve fallen out of love and begin to blame their partner, head to counseling, or try to reclaim those ecstatic feelings in affairs.

What these folks don’t know is that the transition from crazy in love to a more subdued but substantial love is the natural way of things. If we think about it, it makes sense from an evolutionary perspective. The first period is about bonding with mate. It’s a time when we only have eyes or time for each other. But, the next stage is designed to support and nurture the offspring that are the result of the first. It wouldn’t work very well for parents to be so into each other that they neglected their children.

It can be tough to accept that the euphoric state is temporary. We long for the high, for the sense of merging with the beloved, of losing ourselves in bliss. We think there is something wrong when this rapture fades into a steady comfort and profound sweetness. But if we believe that, we are wrong. A mature love sustains us when life gets hard, which it will. It is a love of choice, rather than of forces that seem beyond our control. It is a love that makes room for other love, of children, of friends, of meaningful work, or spiritual calling. It is a love that can survive illness, aging and separation.

So, enjoy the love you are experiencing, no matter what stage you are in, and if you are in the initial stages, take time for it to mellow and your head to clear before you commit yourself.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Toxic Love: How to Identify an Abusive Relationship

Every week I listen to clients tell about partners who scream at them, who ignore them, who demand sex, who call them names or belittle their very being. Sometimes, someone even tells me they have been beaten or raped by the one they love. But all of it, the verbal, the emotional, the physical and the sexual abuse, are deeply damaging to both partners. They leave wounds that are difficult to heal.

So how can we know whether the relationship we are in is abusive or just stormy, toxic or simply passionate? Here are some of the warning signs of a toxic relationship.

• Toxic partners isolate their mates. They may restrict contact with friends and family. Some go so far as to move far away so that your resources and support is limited or non-existent.

• Toxic partners control or severely limit access to money. You may not be allowed to work, or are forced to give up your paycheck.

• Toxic partners undermine your sense of sanity and sense of yourself. They often tell you you’re crazy, or unstable, over and over, until some part of you begins to believe it.

• Toxic partners use threats to control. “If you leave you’ll never see the children again.”

• Toxic partners often yell or scream.

• Toxic partners use name calling, put-downs and shaming to undermine self-esteem.

• Toxic partners demonstrate their power by hitting walls, beating the dog or by breaking or damaging cherished objects.

• Toxic partners are jealous when there is no evidence or history of infidelity.

• Toxic partners do not allow for privacy.

• Toxic partners may demand sex or use force to obtain it.

• Toxic partners may say things like, “If you didn’t make me so mad, I wouldn’t hit you.”

• Toxic partners accuse you of being violent if you do anything to protect yourself.

If any of these warning signs sound familiar, you may be in a toxic relationship.

What to do:

Get help. If you or your children are in immediate danger call 911. Or, if you are safe right now but have identified your relationship as toxic, contact the Helpline 541-779-HELP and ask talk to an advocate at Dunn House, the domestic violence shelter. They can give you with a safe place to stay ( no matter your gender) resources to start a new life and support to begin the healing process.

Make a safety plan. Click here for a step by step guide.

Learn more about intimate partner violence and toxic relationships. Download the Power and Control Wheel and other helpful resources by clicking here.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Breathe Away Anxiety

When we are anxious it is usually because we’re fixated on the future. What if? is the mantra. We fret and worry about all the things that could happen. We plot and plan ways to avoid catastrophe. But most of what we worry about never happens. Or, we are powerless to do anything about it. And so, we spend time and a great deal of emotional energy fruitlessly agonizing.

This behavior comes naturally to we humans. It is our evolutionary inheritance. Only our ancestors who were able to imagine the future and take precautions against hunger, predators and the elements were able to pass on their genes.

So, we are stuck with brains that become anxious very easily. Then, when we cultivate this state of mind, even stronger connections are made in the brain that reinforce anxiety and make it our go-to when we feel stressed or afraid. But, because there are no sabertooth tigers running around our neighborhoods and most of us have plenty to eat and a warm place to sleep, this adaptation doesn’t work so well for us in the modern age. Instead, it causes much suffering.

The good news is there are ways to reprogram the brain and create a greater sense of peace and well-being in our day-to-day lives. One of the most effective strategies is to use our breath to bring ourselves into the present moment and to reset the nervous system.

When we focus on our breath we are more able to be calm and mindful. We can leave behind the “what ifs?” and enjoy what is. Here are three of my favorite techniques:

1. Alternate Nostril Breathing: This is an ancient yoga technique that just about anyone can do. It is extremely calming and is said to balance the brain. Click here for a full description and how-to video.

2. Box Breathing: Begin by breathing out to the count of 4. Then hold the breath for the count of 4. Breathe in for the count of 4. Repeat. Continue until you feel centered and calm. The count can be customized. Some people prefer longer breaths, such as 7, 7, 7 or 5, 5, 5. There is an excellent free app for smart phones that walks you through box breathing and helps you set a breath length that works best for you. It is called Virtual Hope Box. It also contains many other helpful tools for coping with high emotion.

3. Calming Breath: This technique, developed by Dr. Andrew Weil, has been touted as a cure for insomnia. Breathe in through your mouth for the count of 4. Hold your breath for 7. Breathe out for 8. Repeat 3 times.

These specific techniques are time tested. They work. However, it can also be effective to simply bring your attention to your natural breath. Here’s how:

Notice the sensation of the air coming in your body. You may feel a coolness at the nostrils as the air comes in and warmth as you breathe out. You may notice your chest rising and falling. If you are taking a deep breath, you may feel your abdomen expand. Just bringing your awareness to these sensations can be calming and is the basis for many forms of meditation. If your mind wanders while you are doing this exercise, just notice that you have stopped watching your breath, and gently bring yourself back to it. Don’t judge yourself. Just observe. Just enjoy being right here, right now.

Instead of a mantra of  “what if?” we can create a mantra that helps us focus the mind and let go of worries and emotions. Here is one I like:

Feelings come and go like clouds in a windy sky.
Conscious breathing is my anchor.

For more advanced breath work check out the book by mindfulness teacher Thich Nhat Hahn, called  Breathe. You are alive!

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Dont Let Fear Run Your Life

Your heart pounds. Palms sweat. Mouth is dry. Your stomach may feel sick or your thoughts race. You are experiencing fear.

Fear can be both ally and foe. It can inform us of imminent danger and help keep us safe. Or, it can paralyze us and make it impossible to live life fully and realize our potential.

So, how can we tell the difference between fear that is reasonable and valid and fear that stifles?

One effective strategy involves checking the facts. Fear thrives in the limbo of the unknown and unexperienced. Gathering information can reduce fear or eliminate it. For example, someone facing a divorce may be in a constant state of worry about their future until they see an attorney and gather the information they need to understand how divorce will really affect their finances and living situation. With that information they can take the steps necessary to protect themselves. Having facts doesn’t always eliminate fear, but it can make it more bearable by pointing us towards solutions.

Once we have facts, we can make more informed decisions. We can discern what is in our power to change and take action. And, we also understand what we must release because it is outside our sphere of influence. Letting go of things we have no power to control offers freedom.

Fear comes naturally to us all. Our ancestors relied on fear to keep them alive and so this trait has been passed down. Fear is generated in the oldest part of the brain where other instinctual behavior such as sex and anger are initiated. When we are stuck there it can be impossible to access logic. It is the part of us built to act quickly and think about it later.

Taking deep, mindful breaths, changing body temperature quickly, or doing something relaxing can move us out of the old brain and into the pre-frontal cortex where we can think more clearly and make more rational decisions. When experiencing fear, worry or anxiety, first, work to calm yourself.

To Manage Fear:

1. Breathe slowly and deeply. Take a hot shower or use a progressive relaxation exercise or yoga to calm the mind.

2. Face the fear. Avoiding what we are afraid of can reinforce the fear and paralyze us.

3. Check the facts. Gather information. Is your fear justified? In other words, is your life, health or well-being threatened in some real way. If so, take steps to keep yourself safe.

3. Decide what is within your power to change and, if possible, take action to improve the situation.

4. Choose to let go of things that are not within your power to change. Trying to control the actions or reactions of other people is often fruitless. If you are fearful about the consequences of another’s behavior, do what you can to protect yourself and then accept that we often cannot solve problems for those we love.

5. Letting go is not something we do once. It is a process that must be repeated over and over. Fear will return. Begin again by breathing deeply and slowly.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Why New Year’s Resolutions Don’t Work and What to Do Instead

This is the season when many of us are taking stock of our lives. The Christmas holiday and another year is behind us and the new year looms with all its promise and possibility. On New Year’s we may make resolutions, to lose weight, stop drinking, follow a budget, spend less time watching television and more time learning Spanish, focus more on our primary relationship, communicate more effectively or look for a better job. But most of us will fail in our attempt to let go of old habits and begin new ones. Why is it so hard to change and why don’t New Year’s resolutions work? It all starts in the brain.

Anything that we have done over and over again has created a strong neuropathway. The saying goes, “Neurons that fire together, wire together.” What this means is that over time our habits have created powerful connections between neurons in the brain that make doing what we have always done more comfortable, easier, than doing something different.

It is as if we have taken a walk in the woods every day and stayed to the same trail. Eventually that path has become very easy to follow. There are no branches or brambles in the way and no grass growing where we walk. The path is clear and well-trodden. Changing our behavior and thus our neuropathways is, at first, like bushwhacking a new trail through the forest. There is brush to clear and weeds to pull and if we aren’t consistent the branches and weeds will quickly grow back.

So, changing behavior is a process. This why resolutions don’t work. Making a decision to change and expecting yourself to just wake up the next day and do things differently is denying the powerful pull of the well-worn trail in the brain.

So what does work if you want to change behavior?

1. Taking small steps towards a goal works much more effectively than an all or nothing approach. This is called shaping. For example, research has shown that a strict diet which totally eliminates certain categories of food almost always fails in the end. After some initial success, we feel deprived and go back to old eating habits. We tell ourselves, “Well I’ve already blown it, so what does it matter?” A more effective approach is to gradually reduce portion size and keep healthy, low calorie foods within easy reach and high calorie foods in a place that requires some effort to access.

Simply taking a few potato chips out of the bag to eat, putting them in a small bowl and then returning the bag to a high shelf, can help deter over-doing it. It is like placing a log across the well-worn path in the woods. Yes, we can still scurry over it, but chances are the new path looks easier, so we are more likely to follow it.

2. Research has taught us that what is within easy reach is what we will gravitate to. So, if you want to learn Spanish and watch less TV, hide your remote and put your Spanish text next to the chair you sit down in regularly. If you want to go for a run in the morning, put your running clothes out the night before right beside your bed. Make your new behavior the path of least resistance.

3. Reward yourself. Small rewards can help reinforce behavior. Something as simple as making a check mark on a calendar or crossing something off a list can be rewarding. For dieting and exercise, tools such as My Fitness Pal, an app for smart phones, can also help reward your efforts, by recording what you eat and your activity level. Devices you wear that track number of steps taken throughout the day have also been shown to be helpful in increasing activity levels. Rewards don’t need to be elaborate or expensive, they only need to be consistent and give you a tiny feel good boost of endorphins each time you engage.

4. Get support. It is often easier to accomplish something if you have a buddy doing it with you. Will you cancel if your friend is waiting at the gym to work out? Or, if the teacher you hired has given you Spanish homework, will you be more likely to follow through? If you are like most of us having another person involved will be motivating. Enlist a friend, colleague or family member to be your trail buddy.

5. Don’t give up. Changing behavior takes time and persistence. But the good news is that no matter your age your brain is able to develop new neuropathways that support new ways of being. You can blaze a new trail.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

A Dark Night of Healing and Hope

We are nearing winter solstice (December 21st) a day that will be the shortest in this cycle around the sun, a day with more darkness than light.

When I think of this celestial event it reminds me of the expression, “a dark night of the soul” and how our human experience can parallel the cycles of nature. When darkness comes into our lives it can be hard to remember the heat of summer or the lilt of spring. It can seem as if destruction and decay are the only things we will ever experience and that rebirth and growth, light and heat are impossible. And indeed, in the midst of winter’s cold, grey days, they are. But below the surface of things nature is preparing for the new and so can we.

In working with clients and in my own life, I have noticed that a time of turning inward to grieve, to reflect, to dream, to understand, to make peace, often comes before a burst of growth and greater well-being. We need the dark, quiet time for this underground work.

It can be challenging during the holiday season to pull back from the frenzy of doing. But because this time of year often brings up memories and loss, it can also be the perfect time to accept our own darkness and truly be with it in a way that heals and prepares us for spring.

To Honor the Night:

1. Let it be dark. Turn off lights and electronics for an hour in the evening. Savor the quiet. What arises inside you when things are damped down?

2. Light candles.

3. Write a letter to someone you have lost and express your appreciation for the role they have played in your life. Mail it by placing it in a book or special box.

4. Listen to contemplative music.

5. Cry.

6. Bundle up and go for a walk. Notice how trees and plants look this time of year. Remind yourself that though they look dead, they hold all the richness and splendor of blossoms and leaves and fruit within them.

7. Forgive someone. Forgive yourself.

8. Look at the stars.

9. Watch the sun rise.

10. Read a poem like this one by Mary Oliver:


Lines Written in the Days
of Growing Darkness

Every year we have been
witness to it: how the
world descends

into a rich mash, in order that
it may resume.
And therefore
who would cry out

to the petals on the ground
to stay,
knowing as we must,
how the vivacity of what was is married

to the vitality of what will be?
I don’t say
it’s easy, but
what else will do

if the love one claims for the world
be true?

So let us go on, cheerfully enough,
this and every crisping day,

though the sun be swinging east,
and the ponds be cold and black,
and the sweets of the year be doomed.



Remember, on December 22nd the days will begin getting longer.  Light will return. You can begin adding light to your life too. If you need help letting the light in, get in touch with a counselor, a supportive friend or family member or call our community helpline 541-779-HELP. 

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment
  • About The Author

    Lois Schlegel

    Lois Schlegel, MFA, MS, mental health therapist at Life in Bloom Counseling in Medford and Ashland, has 20 years of experience providing services to individuals and families. She has taught parent education and life skills classes to adults and ... Full Profile
  • Categories

  • Archives